Aleksei German - biography
Aleksei Yuryevich German (in Russian: Алексей Юрьевич Герман) (born on June 20, 1938) is a Soviet and Russian filmmaker, most active as a director and screenwriter. His last name is pronounced with a hard "g" and in English is frequently spelled Guerman or Gherman to avoid confusion.
Almost all of German's films have been set during the Stalin era and have shown the time period in a critical light. His films, shot mostly in black and white or very muted color, have a distinctive "murky" look and are often described as looking "aged."
His son, a film director, is also named Aleksei German.
German was born in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg, Russia) in 1938; his father was the writer Yuri German. He studied under Grigori Kozintsev until 1960, and then moved on to working in theatre before joining the Lenfilm studio as an assistant director. He made his directing debut with Sedmoy Sputnik, co-directed with Grigory Aronov in 1967. Over the course of his career, many of his projects have met with production difficulties or official opposition; in 40 years, he has managed to complete just five feature films, with a sixth (a science fiction film) entering production in 2007.
- 1967 - Sedmoy sputnik (The Seventh Companion)
- 1971 - Proverka na dorogakh (Trial on the Road)
- 1976 - Dvadtsat dney bez voyny (Twenty Days Without War)
- 1984 - Moy drug Ivan Lapshin (My Friend Ivan Lapshin)
- 1998 - Khrustalyov, mashinu! (Khrustalyov, My Car!)
- 2009 - Istoriya Arkanarskoy rezni (History of the Arkanar massacre)