Better is a handful of ease than two handfuls of toil and chasing after the wind.

Kohelet 4:6

Joseph Kheifits - biography

Iosif Kheifits[1] (4 (17) December 1905 - April 24, 1995) was a Soviet film director, winner of two Stalin Prizes (1941, 1946), People's Artist of USSR (1964), Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the Communist Party of Soviet Union since 1945.


Life and career

Kheifets was born December 17, 1905 in Minsk. In 1927 he graduated from the Leningrad Technical-screen art, and in 1928 - kinofakultet Institute of History of Art. In 1928, Iosif Kheifets came to work at a film studio "Sovkino" (now - Lenfilm Studio). In film, he first made his debut as a screenwriter, with A. Ivanov and A. Zarkhi create scripts of films "Moon on the left" and "Transportation of fire. Later, Iosif Kheifits became the director, while from 1928 to 1950 he worked with Alexander Zarkhi, headed by 1st Komsomol brigade staging of the Leningrad factory "Sovkino (now Lenfilm Studio), releasing a film on the Soviet youth, -" Wind in the face "(1930)," Noon "(1931), the comedy" Hot denechki "(1935). With deep historical and psychological truth, a great artistic power, shown in the film, and Z. Heifits "Baltic Deputy" (1937) the arrival of a major revolution in the Russian scientist Professor Polezhayev (starring N. Cherkasov). A significant piece of cinema became a film and Z. Heifits "member of the Government" (1939), centered image of a Russian peasant (starring VP Marecki), which took the difficult path from a farmhand to a deputy of the Supreme Council. Together with Zarkhi set as films "His name is Sukhebaator" (1942), "Malakhov Kurgan" (1944), the documentary "The defeat of Japan" (1945). In 1950 director made such famous paintings as "Big Family", "Rumyantsev Case", "My dear man." Then Iosif Kheifits turned in his work to the Russian classics, filmed works of Anton Chekhov, Turgenev, AI Kuprin - "Lady with the Dog", "good bad man", "Asya", "Shura" .

The distinctive features of his work can be called a deep disclosure of the inner nature of characters, a subtle understanding of cinematic language and expressive detail.

In the films of Iosif Heifits bright, sometimes with completely unexpected quarter, opened an actor of outstanding individual artists, as Iya Savvina, Alexei Batalov, Anatoly Papanov, Oleg Dal, Vladimir Vysotsky, Lyudmila Maksakova, Ada Rogovtseva, Elena Koreneva, Elena Proklova.

Many times the director's work honored with various film awards, including were also observed at the Cannes Film Festival. Last work of Joseph Heifits was dramatic tape the Stray bus ", which appeared on the screens of the country in 1989. Iosif Kheifits died April 24, 1995. He was buried at the cemetery in Komarovo.


Directing work

Assistant director

  • 1928 - Luna Sleva ( The Moon Is to the Left )[2]
  • 1930 - Transport Ognya (Transport of Fire)[2]


  • 1933 - My Motherland
  • 1935 - Hot denechki
  • 1936 - Member of the Baltic
  • 1939 - Member of the Government
  • 1942 - His name is Sukhebaator
  • 1944 - Malakhov Kurgan
  • 1946 - In the name of life
  • 1948 - The precious grains
  • 1950 - Ogni Baku
  • 1953 - Spring in Moscow
  • 1954 - A Big Family
  • 1955 - Case Rumyantsev
  • 1958 - "My dear man
  • 1960 - Lady with the Dog
  • 1963 - Day of Happiness
  • 1967 - In the city of S.
  • 1971 - Salyut, Mariya!
  • 1973 - Bad good man
  • 1975 - Single
  • 1977 - Asya
  • 1979 - First married
  • 1983 - Shura
  • 1986 - Defendant
  • 1988 - You are someone, stariche?
  • 1989 - Vagrant bus

Written scenarios

  • 1928 - Moon on the left
  • 1935 - Hot denechki
  • 1939 - Member of the Government
  • 1944 - Malakhov Kurgan
  • 1986 - Defendant
  • 1989 - Vagrant bus

Awards and prizes

  • Stalin Prize, second class (1941); for the film "Baltic Deputy" (1936)
  • Stalin Prize of the first degree (1946); for the documentary "The defeat of Japan" (1945)
  • People's Artist of the USSR (1964)
  • Hero of Socialist Labor (1975)

Article author: Zipora Galitski
Article tags: biography
The article is about these people:   Joseph Kheifits

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